Paul Kivel

Guidelines for Being Strong White Allies
WHAT KIND OF ACTIVE SUPPORT does a strong white ally provide to a person of color? Over the years, people of color that I have talked with have been remarkably consistent in describing the kinds of support they need from white allies.
The Costs of Racism to White People
WE TEND TO THINK OF RACISM as a problem for people of color and something we should be concerned about for their sake. It is true that racism is devastating to them, and if we believe in justice, equality, and equal opportunity for all, then we should be trying to end it.
Affirmative Action Works
There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action.

Robert Jensen

Diversity dead-end – Inclusiveness without accountability
After a recent talk on racism and other illegitimate hierarchies at a diversity conference in Dallas, I received a letter from one of the people who had attended that asked “why you feel it necessary to perpetuate and even exacerbate the…
How White Privilege Shapes the U.S.
Here’s what white privilege sounds like: I am sitting in my University of Texas office, talking to a very bright and very conservative white student about affirmative action in college admissions, which he opposes and I support. The student says he wants a level playing field with no unearned advantages for anyone.
White People’s Burden
The United States is a white country. By that I don’t just mean that the majority of its citizens are white, though they are (for now but not forever). What makes the United States white is not the fact that most Americans are white but the assumption — especially by people with power — that American equals white.
Peggy McIntosh
Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack
Through work to bring materials from women’s studies into the rest of the curriculum, I have often noticed men’s unwillingness to grant that they are overprivileged, even though they may grant that women are disadvantaged. They may say they will work to women’s statues, in the society, the university, or the curriculum, but they can’t or won’t support the idea of lessening men’s.
Allan Johnson
Our House Is On Fire
I want to thank the Kellogg Foundation for inviting me to be part of this event. I also want to express my admiration for your commitment to dealing with the issue of race. There is so much avoidance of difficult issues in this society, so little willingness to take moral leadership, that it’s inspiring whenever an organiza­tion shows this kind of vision and courage.

Allan Johnson
WWhere White Privilege Came From
The history of white privilege is a long and complicated story, too long and too complicated for me to tell completely here, but what I can do is identify major aspects of the story as a way to show how the sociological model works.